Nawaz’ desire for Afghan peace seems genuine: US

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THE NATION, WASHINGTON, 11th SEPTEMBER 2013:- A US envoy on Tuesday praised Pakistan’s newly elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for seeking ‘more meaningful dialogue’ with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and supporting reconciliation in Afghanistan. “This seems to be a genuine desire. I think it’s somewhat accelerated since the new government came into office,” said James Dobbins, the US special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Dobbins said at the Atlantic Council, a Washington think tank, Nawaz Sharif understood that Pakistan cannot build its economy without peace at home as well as stable relations with Afghanistan and historic enemy India. Dobbins also dismissed suggestions that Washington would withdraw all troops from Afghanistan after next year, saying that both countries wanted to preserve a smaller force.
Aides to US President Barack Obama earlier this year openly mulled the so-called ‘zero option’ of a complete withdrawal from Afghanistan once US troops end their combat role in 2014. “We talk about the zero option – that’s not an option for the United States,” said Dobbins. “It’s obviously an option for the Afghans – If they don’t want anybody, we’re not going to stay. But I don’t think that’s an option the Afghans are likely to choose,” he said.
Dobbins said he expected “several thousand American forces and several thousand non-American NATO forces” in 2015 and beyond. Roughly 100,000 foreign troops now serve in Afghanistan, two-thirds of them from the United States. Obama has pledged to the war-weary US public to end the country’s longest-ever war, which was launched to fight Al-Qaeda and their Taliban allies after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Some analysts have called the public discussion of the ‘zero option’ part of a US strategy to press Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who has had uneven relations with the Obama administration, to assume more responsibility for security.

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